Do you know? Teenagers can get knee pain.

Health News

22 Feb 2023

Do you know? Teenagers can get knee pain.

      Many people may understand that osteoarthritis usually occurs in the elderly because osteoarthritis is a degenerative process that occurs according to the deterioration of the body, but osteoarthritis of the knee can occur in working age groups or teenagers who are overuse your knees.

What is osteoarthritis?

      Osteoarthritis is a disease caused by the degeneration of the knee joint cartilage in terms of shape, structure, and function of the joint bones. and the bones near the joints are worn When there is no cartilage to cover the bone, causing the bone to collide while being loaded. As a result, it causes knee pain, swollen knees, joints that become more severe over time. The knee will be deformed and will not be able to perform normal daily activities.

'Risk factors' that cause premature osteoarthritis of the knee

  • Accidents or injuries to the knee: often found in sports enthusiasts or accidents causing injuries, for example, dislocated joints, torn ligaments, and fractured discs, etc.
  • Genetics: Family with a history of osteoarthritis makes family members more likely to have osteoarthritis or some have abnormal cartilage from birth, causing abnormal movements.
  • Lifting heavy objects or using the knee for long periods of time: Work has a huge effect on knee pain, such as vibration work, prolonged standing, frequent heavy loads, and prolonged pressure use. It is one of the risk factors that can cause premature osteoarthritis of the knee.
  • Overweight: Being overweight or obese will put more pressure on the joints. is another cause of premature osteoarthritis of the knee, carrying too much weight can cause the cartilage to thin and carrying more weight than normal therefore deteriorating faster than usual
  • History of knee joint infection: History of knee joint infection, such as septic arthritis or gout.

Characteristics of the warning signs of osteoarthritis

  • Starting to have knee pain.
  • Cracking knee 
  • Knee stiffness
  • Sore knees
  • Swelling, warmth, tenderness
  • Bent knees, atrophy of thighs, deformed knee joints

What kind of knee pain should I see a doctor?

  • Severe knee pain even without moving
  • Knee pain and swelling
  • Aching pain down the leg, unable to bend the knee fully

Osteoarthritis treatment guidelines

  • Non-pharmacological therapy : It is a practice or lifestyle modification to eliminate the cause of the disease, such as weight loss, exercise and proper use of knee joints.
  • Physical therapy is a rehabilitation of muscle management to relieve pain in the knee joint, such as doing ultrasound, using laser treatment or using a knee bandage. Caution is that if used for a long time, it can cause muscle atrophy.
  • pharmacological therapy: it may be oral or injectable. Ointment for relief of symptoms. There are many groups of drugs, such as non-steroidal anti-inflammatory pain relievers or drugs to modify the structure of the joints, which must be supervised and prescribed by a physician
  • Surgical treatment: Nowadays, it's getting more popular because it's effective and allows patients to return to normal life without suffering knee pain again.

      Nowadays, there are a variety of ways to treat each person appropriately. Therefore, anyone who begins to have abnormalities in the knee joint should pay attention and start taking care of the symptoms early. In the cast that the symptoms begin to be painful and difficult to live, it is advisable to consult a doctor to get a diagnosis to find the root cause and ready to lay out the right treatment guidelines to help reduce violence, reduce aggression, reduce pain and suffering and return to have a better quality of life.

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